Birth Anniversary of Maharana Pratap

Why in News?

The Prime Minister of India paid tributes to Maharana Pratap on his Jayanti.

What do we know about Maharana Pratap?

  • Description:
  • Rana Pratap Singh, also known as Maharana Pratap, was born on 9th May 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan.
      • He was the 13th King of Mewar and was the eldest son of Udai Singh II
  • Maharana Udai Singh II ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his capital at Chittor.
    • Udai Singh II was also a founder of the city of Udaipur (Rajasthan).
  • Battle of Haldighati:
    • The Battle of Haldighati was fought in 1576 between Rana Pratap Singh of Mewar and Raja Man Singh of Amber, the general of the Mughal emperor Akbar.
    • Maharana Pratap fought a brave war but was defeated by Mughal forces.
    • It is said that Maharana Pratap’s loyal horse named Chetak, gave up his life as the Maharana was leaving the battlefield.
  • Reconquest:
    • After 1579, the Mughal pressure relaxed over Mewar and Pratap recovered Western Mewar including Kumbhalgarh, Udaipur and Gogunda.
    • He also built a new capital, Chavand, near modern Dungarpur during this period.
  • Death:
    • He died on 19th January 1597. He was succeeded by his son Amar Singh, who submitted in 1614 to Emperor Jahāngīr, son of Akbar.