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Sheep Farming in Rajasthan, Loan, Subsidy Guide

Sheep Farming in Rajasthan, Loan, Subsidy Guide

Introduction to Sheep farming in Rajasthan:

Today, let us gro through Sheep Farming in Rajasthan, Loan, Subsidy.

All over India, sheep farming has a similar demand like the agricultural sector. Of course, sheep farming is considered a commercial component of agriculture.  For the backward class farmers, this will be a good source income to them. In Rajasthan, the livestock raising is also more when compared to the other states of India. It also plays a major role in the state economy.  The society which is more dependent on the sheep rearing is the poor and backward section of the people. Annually the state gets remarkable revenue from the yield of the sheep wool, meat and from the other products. As per, the census approximate population of the sheep in the Rajasthan State is about 112.83 Lakhs.

Sheep are reared in small flocks i.e. 30 – 50 for large flocks i.e. 400 sheep. During the summer months, the sheep will be migrated to the neighboring states from the arid regions. In the western districts of Rajasthan, this is a regular practice.

Scope and Importance of Sheep Farming in National Economy:

  1. Food: In India, sheep meat has high demand.
  2. Fiber or Skin: The products like pelts, hides, wool, and hair are contributed to the Sheep.
  3. Weed Control: They control the weeds when they are allowed to range freely.
  4. Dung and Water Material: The waste material from the Sheep has high demand because this is used as farmyard manure for the plants or any agricultural crops.
  5. Employment: For less literate, unskilled and low-income farmers, sheep farming is a source of livelihood.
Importance of Sheep Farming.
Importance of Sheep Farming.

Loans and Subsidies of Sheep Farming in Rajasthan:

In India, sheep farming business is gaining momentum. Because there is a gradual increase in meat lovers so every year there is a regular increase in demand for the meat and also the price of meat increases giving higher income to the farmers. Sheep farming provides a good profit for unemployed people; there are people who want to invest in sheep farming and also some people who want to experiment with the sheep farming business.

For the people who are financially backward, the government and the central government would support them by subsidies and loans which will help them in investing in the sheep farming business.

A bank that supports the people for loans and subsidy is NABARD (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) which is set by RBI. Through Animal Resource Development and Animal Husbandry Department, loan and subsidies can be obtained from NABARD bank. There are many other banks that support the farmers for loans and subsidies with a feasibility certificate from a local veterinary office.

Advantages of Sheep Farming Business in Rajasthan:

  • The farm has many beneficial points if the farmer encourages the breeding of sheep.
  • For poor farmers, sheep farming is one of the good occupations.
  • Sheep require very less space for housing.
  • Nitrogen and phosphoric acid are present in the sheep manure, it is 2.5 times richer than cow manure.
  • Nature of sheep is very friendly.
  • For biomedical and physiological research the sheep is an excellent animal.
  • The financial background of the farmer can be improved by sheep farming.
  • The population at the farm can be increased by breeding of sheep.
  • Investment in feeding and housing of sheep is very less.

Sheep Breeds of Rajasthan:

  1. Sonari or Chanothar Sheep Breed:
  • This sheep breed found in Udaipur, Banswara, Dungarpur, and Bhilwara.
  1. Maalpuri Sheep Breed:
  • This breed is found in the districts of Jaipur, Sawai madhopur, Tonk, Dausa, and Karuli
  1. Naali Sheep Breed:
  • Naali sheep breeds give a large amount of wool yield.
  • This breed is found in the districts of Jhunjhunu, Churu, Bikaner, and Hanumangarh.
  1. Chokla or Shekhawati Sheep Breed:
  • This sheep breed gives 1 – 1.5 kg of wool per year. the wool will be best in the quality.
  • This sheep breed is found all over the districts of Rajasthan.
  • This breed is also called as Marino.
  1. Pugal Sheep Breed:
  • This sheep breed is originated from the Pungal in Bikaner.
  1. Jaisalmeri Sheep Breed:
  • This breed is found in the Jaisalmer.
  1. Magra Sheep Breed:
  • For a year this sheep breed gives 2 kg of wool in a year.
  • This breed is found in the districts of Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Nagaur, and Churu.

Sheep Feed Management in Rajasthan:

Sheep Feed Management.
Sheep Feed Management.

The sheep are one among the ruminant animals as it is a multifunctional utility. The food management is the main secret of good sheep management. The farmer who has sheep farm should have basic knowledge of feeding the sheep properly. The feed for the sheep is different in different ages and different seasons. Sheep should also be provided with minerals and vitamins besides the natural feed.

Sheep Housing Management in Rajasthan:

In the intensive system of production, housing is very important. One should ensure comfort and facilities to the sheep for maximum profits. The sheep are just like a human being and they too have some physiological requirement for growth and production. The main motive of housing for the sheep is to protect them from uneven climatic conditions, harsh animals and inoculated environmental stress. House management measures:

  • They don’t need bedding.
  • The labour which is required for cleaning and maintenance should be in less number.
  • The house should be clean and dry.
  • The waste of the sheep should be collected immediately.

Sheep Breeding Management in Rajasthan:

Breed identification:

The breed should be analyzed by their body temperature and bloodlines. We should also determine the sheep’s breeding efficiency.

Breeding management:

While breeding, the doe sheep’s age should be considered as production units.

Preparation of breeding:

The breed should be prepared before the breeding season by trimming hooves, vaccinating and also by deworming.

Breeding age:

The sheep obtained for breeding should not be too young for breeding. The doe should be 5 – 17 months old. The best time for breeding is at 10 – 12 months of its age.

Preparation of kidding:

The pen or house should be clean and they should be fresh air, the floor should be well drained and the house should be bedded with dry straw.

Breeding seasons:

Seasons Season in Heat Kidding season
Summer March – April August – September
Rainy June – July November – December
Winter October – November January – February

Breeding ratio:

The ratio of the sheep should be 1: 25 i.e. one male and 25 female sheep.

Gestation period:

The gestation period of the sheep is very short i.e. 150 – 155 days.

Sheep Diseases and Vaccination Management in Rajasthan:

  • Diseases:

If there is no proper care for the sheep it can lead to a large loss of sheep and also the kids. The farm should be maintained hygienically. Sheep should be clean and sanitized. Good and proper quality of food should be provided for the sheep. Plenty of sunshine and a good quality of pasture is required for the sheep and this causes fewer illness issues. For every 6 – 4 weeks the hooves of the sheep should be trimmed so as to prevent bacterial or fungal infections. The physical activities and behavior should be observed or monitored daily. The diseases that affect most of the sheep are:

Bacterial Diseases:

  • Pneumonia
  • Footrot
  • Brucellosis
  • Mastitis
  • Haemorrhagic Septicemia
  • Anthrax
  • Enterotoxaemia

Viral Diseases:

  • Sheep pox
  • Foot and mouth diseases
  • Peste Des Petits ruminants

Ectoparasitic Infestations:

  • Tick, lice, etc.

Endoparasitic Diseases:

  • Coccidiosis
  • Fluke infection
  • Tapeworm
  • Roundworm
  • Vaccinations:

Sheep vaccines are of 2 types they are:

  • Active vaccine or Live vaccine
  • Inactive Vaccine

Active or Live Vaccine: These vaccine fights against the organism until the organism loses their virulence. These are also capable of retaining or holding them to provoke their immune to the targeted sheep.

Inactive Vaccine: these inactive vaccines are also called dead vaccines. These vaccines target the organism directly until the organism are dead. This type of inactive vaccines produces toxins. The produced toxins can be used for the vaccination purpose, and then the toxic vaccine is called as Toxoid inactive vaccine. These vaccines also induce immunity to the sheep.

Read: Raising Catfish In Tanks.

Last Updated: January 24, 2019
Author: Jagdish

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