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Facts about Didier’s Tulip

Tulipa gesneriana, commonly known as Didier’s tulip or garden tulip, is a species of plant in the lily family Liliaceae, cultivated as an ornamental in many countries because of its large, showy flowers. The plant native range stretches west to the Iberian Peninsula, through North Africa to Greece, the Balkans, Turkey, throughout the Levant (Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan) and Iran, north to the Ukraine, southern Siberia and Mongolia and east to the northwest of China. Some of the popular common names of the plants are Tulip, Didier’s Tulip, Garden Tulip, Tall Garden Tulip and Gesner’s tulip. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.

Didier’s tulip Quick Facts
Name: Didier’s tulip
Scientific Name: Tulipa gesneriana
Origin West to the Iberian Peninsula, through North Africa to Greece, the Balkans, Turkey
Shapes Ellipsoid to subglobose, 3-angled, leathery capsules dehisces loculicidally
Health benefits Beneficial for burns, skin rashes, insect bites, bee stings and many more

Tulipa Gesneriana is a species cultivated for its ornamental popularity. In the 17th century in Holland, they were so popular and sold so fast it made them rare and so expensive they were being used as currency until the market crashed. Most of the tulips you see in flower arrangements are a hybrid of this species. Flower petals of the Tulipa Gesneriana come in many colors including blue, purple, orange, pink, red and yellow. The flowers are showy and fragrant, they bloom in the spring. They can be grown in containers that have good drainage.

Didier’s Tulip Facts

Name Didier’s tulip
Scientific Name Tulipa gesneriana
Native Native range that stretches west to the Iberian Peninsula, through North Africa to Greece, the Balkans, Turkey, throughout the Levant (Syria, Israel, Palestine, Jordan) and Iran, north to the Ukraine, southern Siberia and Mongolia and east to the northwest of China
Common Names Tulip, Didier’s Tulip, Garden Tulip, Tall Garden Tulip, Gesner’s tulip
Name in Other Languages Albanian: Tulipan

Brazil : Tulipa-De Jardim

Bulgarian: Lale na Gesner (лале на Геснер)

Chinese : Yu Jin Xiang (郁金香)

Chuvash: Gesner tyul’panĕ (Геснер тюльпанӗ)

Czech : Tulipán Zahradní

Danish : Havetulipan, Have-tulipan, tulipán zahradní

Estonian : Aedtulp

English: Didier’s tulip, Garden Tulip, Gesner’s tulip, Tulip,

Finnish: Tarhatulppaani

French : Tulipe De Gesner, Tulipe Des Jardins, Tulipe, Tulipe des fleuristes

German : Garten-Tulpe, Gesners Tulpe, Zucht- Tulpe

Hebrew: צבעוני רחב עלים

Hungarian: Kerti tulipán, pompás tulipán

Icelandic : Garðatúlípani

India : Tyūlipa

Italian : Tulipano Di Gessner, Tulipano

Japanese : Chūrippu (チューリップ)

Korean : Tyullib (튤립)

Latvian: Darzeline tulpe

Lithuanian: Darželinė tulpė

Norwegian: Borøytulipan

Persian : Thoulyban, لاله باغچه‌ای

Portuguese : Tulipa, tulipa-de-jardim

Russian : Tyul’pan, Тюльпан Геснера

Serbian : Lala

Slovak: Tulipán zahradní

Spanish : Tulipán

Swedish : Tulpan, Trädgårdstulpan

Turkish : Tulbend, Turban, dağ lâlesi

Upper Sorbian: Zahrodna tulpa

Vietnamese : Cây Uât́ Kim Hương

Welsh: Tiwlip yr Ardd, Tiwlipau’r Ardd

Plant Growth Habit Bulbose, scapose to sub-scapose, herbaceous, perennial plant with papery to coriaceous, tunicate, often stoloniferous bulbs
Growing Climates Man-made or disturbed habitats, meadows, cultivated land, roadsides, forest edges, rough ground, quarries, churchyards and amenity grasslands
Soil Moist, fertile, well-drained neutral to slightly acid soil where they will receive full or at least afternoon sun
Plant Size 35 to 45 centimeters
Leaf Middle-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate with entire margins. Lamina is linear to narrow oblong, and weakly fleshy.
Flowering season April to May
Flower Flower has three petals and three sepals which are often darker at the base. They are produced in white, yellow, orange, pink, red, maroon, purple, variegated and with coloured streaks, often blotched near base except blue
Fruit Shape & Size Ellipsoid to subglobose, 3-angled, leathery capsules dehisces loculicidally
Seed Seeds flat, numerous in 2 rows per locule
Precautions
  • The bulb and the flowers have been known to cause dermatitis in sensitive people, though up to 5 bulbs a day can be eaten without ill-effect.
  • Eating too many tulip bulbs can cause indigestion.

 

Plant Description

Didier’s tulip is a bulbose, scapose to sub-scapose, herbaceous, perennial plant with papery to coriaceous, tunicate, and often stoloniferous bulbs. The plant normally grows about 35 to 45 centimeters tall. The plant is found growing in man-made or disturbed habitats, meadows, cultivated land, roadsides, forest edges, rough ground, quarries, churchyards and amenity grasslands. The plant does best in moist, fertile, well-drained neutral to slightly acid soil where they will receive full or at least afternoon sun. It is a perennial plant that is grown from a bulb. It can be from four to 28 inches high, usually one flower per stem.

This tall, late-blooming species has a single blooming flower and linear or broadly lanceolate leaves. This is a complex hybridized neo-species, and can also be called Tulipa × gesneriana. Most of the cultivars of tulip are derived from Tulipa gesneriana. It has become naturalized in parts of central and southern Europe and distributed locations in North America.

Leaves

Tulipa gesneriana is deciduous. The middle-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are lanceolate with entire margins. Lamina is linear to narrow oblong, and weakly fleshy.

Flowers

Inflorescences are 1(−4)-flowered. The flower has three petals and three sepals which are often darker at the base. They are produced in white, yellow, orange, pink, red, maroon, purple, variegated and with coloured streaks, often blotched near base except blue. They have six distinct stamens with filaments shorter than tepals and basally dilated.  Anthers are basifixed, linear to narrowly elliptic and introrse. Ovary is superior, 3-locular; style very short or absent; stigma prominently 3-lobed. Flowering normally takes place in between April to May.

Fruit

Fertile flowers are followed by ellipsoid to subglobose, 3-angled, leathery capsules dehisces loculicidally. The plant has disc-shaped seeds in two rose per chamber.

Traditional uses and benefits of Didier’s tulip

  • Soothing poultice of the petals is used for burns, skin rashes, insect bites and bee stings.
  • In the seventeenth century, young girls crushed red tulip petals and rubbed on cheeks so that the petals impart their color and the juice would help clear up any spots.
  • Crushed petals and juice from the flower base are used to soothe scratches and rough skin on work-worn hands of tulip growers in Holland.

Culinary Uses

  • Tulip bulbs are edible.
  • Bulbs can be used as a substitute for onion in cooking.
  • They can be dried, powdered and added to cereals or flour for making bread.
  • Tulip flowers are also edible.
  • Cooking with tulips dates back to the late sixteenth century when unopened flower buds were cooked with peas or finely cut green beans.
  • Petals have little taste but can be used to garnish a dish, chop a few petals and mixed them in a salad, or the entire flower used for a fruit bowl.
  • Petals can be sugared and used to decorate a cake or eaten with syrup as a dessert.
  • Some of the recipes with tulip flowers listed by Roberts included tulip syrup, tulips stuffed with chicken mayonnaise and three-bean salad with tulips.
  • During the recent Chelsea Flower Show, Chef Pascal Aussignac used tulip flowers as the base for a unique starter, stuffing them with a mixture of mushrooms, tapioca and parmesan and surrounding them with a pea puree.

Other Facts

  • Tulips are the world’s most popular spring ornamental bulb flowers and are widely grown in temperate areas.
  • They make beautiful flower gardens, beds and borders in parks and house gardens and also as potted plants.
  • Tulips make excellent and long-lasting cut flowers in lovely and beautiful flower arrangements.
  • They can be used for bridal bouquets, table center pieces and general wedding decor.
  • They are also a great choice for a baby shower or as a gift for a new baby.
  • Commercial tulip production occurs in some 15 countries worldwide, with the largest production area in the Netherlands.
  • Plants have been grown indoors in pots in order to help remove toxins from the atmosphere.
  • It has been shown to help remove formaldehyde, xylene and ammonia.

 

Didier’s tulip Scientific Classification

Scientific Name: Tulipa gesneriana

Rank Scientific Name & (Common Name)
Kingdom Plantae (Plants)
Subkingdom Tracheobionta (Vascular plants)
Infrakingdom Streptophyta  (land plants)
Superdivision Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants)
Sub Division Spermatophytina  (spermatophytes, seed plants, phanérogames)
Class Liliopsida (Monocotyledons)
Subclass Liliidae
Super Order Lilianae  (monocots, monocotyledons, monocotyledons)
Order Liliales
Family Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus Tulipa L. (tulip)
Species Tulipa gesneriana L. (Didier’s tulip)
Synonyms
  • Tulipa acutiflora DC.
  • Tulipa acutiflora DC. ex Baker
  • Tulipa baldaccii Mattei
  • Tulipa bicolor Raf.
  • Tulipa billietiana Jord.
  • Tulipa bonarotiana Reboul
  • Tulipa campsopetala Delaun.
  • Tulipa campsopetala Delaun. ex Loisel.
  • Tulipa connivens Levier
  • Tulipa connivens subsp. luteoguttata (Levier) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa connivens subsp. obtusata (Levier) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa connivens var. luteoguttata Levier
  • Tulipa connivens var. obtusata Levier
  • Tulipa cornuta Delile
  • Tulipa cornuta Redouté
  • Tulipa coronaria Salisb.
  • Tulipa didieri Jord.
  • Tulipa didieri subsp. billietiana (Jord.) Nyman
  • Tulipa didieri subsp. flavicans (Levier) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa didieri subsp. lutea Tubergen
  • Tulipa didieri subsp. platystigma (Jord.) Nyman
  • Tulipa didieri var. billietiana (Jord.) Baker
  • Tulipa didieri var. flavicans Levier
  • Tulipa didieri var. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Baker
  • Tulipa didieri var. planifolia (Jord.) Baker
  • Tulipa elegans Baker
  • Tulipa etrusca Levier
  • Tulipa fransoniana Parl.
  • Tulipa fransoniana subsp. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Nyman
  • Tulipa fulgens Baker
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. albo-oculta Tubergen
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. albomarginata Tubergen
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. dracontia Redouté
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. rosea Tubergen
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. rosea-striata Tubergen
  • Tulipa gesneriana var. spathulata (Bertol.) Nyman
  • Tulipa grengiolensis Thommen
  • Tulipa hortensis Gaertn.
  • Tulipa hortensis Moench, 1794
  • Tulipa laciniata Fisch.
  • Tulipa laciniata Fisch. ex Bellerm.
  • Tulipa lurida Levier
  • Tulipa macrospeila Baker
  • Tulipa marjolletii E.P.Perrier & Songeon
  • Tulipa mauriana Jord. & Fourr.
  • Tulipa mauriannensis Didier
  • Tulipa mauritiana Jord.
  • Tulipa media C.Agardh
  • Tulipa media C.Agardh ex Schult. & Schult.f.
  • Tulipa montana Raf.
  • Tulipa montisandrei J.Prudhomme
  • Tulipa neglecta (Reboul) Reboul
  • Tulipa neglecta subsp. atroguttata (Levier) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa neglecta var. atroguttata Levier
  • Tulipa norvegica Lieser
  • Tulipa passeriniana Levier
  • Tulipa perrieri Marj.
  • Tulipa perrieri Marj. ex P.Fourn.
  • Tulipa planifolia Jord.
  • Tulipa planifolia var. sarracenica (Perrier) P.Fourn., 1935
  • Tulipa platystigma Jord.
  • Tulipa praecox subsp. didieri (Jord.) Bonnier & Layens, 1894
  • Tulipa praecox var. billietiana (Jord.) Douin, 1929
  • Tulipa praecox var. mauriana (Jord. & Fourr.) Douin, 1929
  • Tulipa praecox var. planifolia (Jord.) Douin, 1929
  • Tulipa praecox var. platystigma (Jord.) Douin, 1929
  • Tulipa pubescens Willd.
  • Tulipa pubescens Willd. ex Schltdl., 1813
  • Tulipa repens Fisch.
  • Tulipa repens Fisch. ex Sweet
  • Tulipa retroflexa Baker
  • Tulipa rubidusa Lieser
  • Tulipa saracenica E.P.Perrier
  • Tulipa scabriscapa Fox-Strangw.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Fox-Strangw.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Nyman
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. hawardeniana Bertol.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. mixta Fox-Strangw.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. neglecta (Reboul) Nyman
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. primulina Fox-Strangw.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. rebouliana Bertol.
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. sommieri (Levier) Nyman
  • Tulipa scabriscapa var. strangulata (Reboul) Fox-Strangw.
  • Tulipa sedunii Lieser
  • Tulipa segusiana E.P.Perrier & Songeon
  • Tulipa serotina Reboul
  • Tulipa serotina var. etrusca (Levier) Nyman
  • Tulipa sommieri Levier
  • Tulipa spathulata Bertol.
  • Tulipa stenopetala Delaun.
  • Tulipa stenopetala Delaun. ex Loisel.
  • Tulipa strangulata Reboul
  • Tulipa strangulata subsp. bonarotiana (Reboul) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa strangulata subsp. obtusa (Levier) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa strangulata subsp. variopicta (Reboul) K.Richt.
  • Tulipa strangulata var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Levier
  • Tulipa strangulata var. bonarotiana (Reboul) Reboul
  • Tulipa strangulata var. neglecta Reboul
  • Tulipa strangulata var. obtusata Levier
  • Tulipa strangulata var. princeps Reboul
  • Tulipa strangulata var. variopicta (Reboul) Levier
  • Tulipa stricta Stokes
  • Tulipa suaveolens var. passeriniana (Levier) Nyman
  • Tulipa unguiculata Raf.
  • Tulipa variopicta Ledeb.
  • Tulipa variopicta Reboul
  • Tulipa viridiflora
  • Tulipa vitellina
  • Tulipa xgesnerana L.
  • Tulipa xgesneriana
  • Tulipa ×gesnerana L.
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